Because of China's one child policy and the Chinese parents' preference for a male child, many Chinese baby girls are abandoned each year. This makes for a ready pool of children for international adoption.
It seems that America is the country that has adopted the most number of Chinese children. Some 60 over thousand children have been adopted by American families from 1991-2005 alone. Spain is the next country with the most number of children adopted from China. Check it out here.
Apparently Chinese orphanages and welfare homes have done a commendable job looking after the abandoned babies. And it is a good thing that China's international adoption rules are quite stringent.
For example, an American couple planning to adopt must not be less than 30 years old and both must not be older than 50 years, must be physically and mentally fit, have no criminal record, must have annual income of $10,000 per household member, must have family assets of at least $80,000, have no more than 5 children under 18 years of age and the youngest must be at least 1 year old among some other qualifications. The process may take a few years and includes home study review by a social worker.
However, in the light of China's tightening regulations, the number of international adoptions has gone down.
The first time (often called gotcha day) the adoptive parents and child meet is often an emotional and teary affair. The child will usually cry and sometimes bawl. She will look away from the adoptive parent who holds her. Some, however, after some hesitation do bond well with her adoptive parents.
Click here for a gotcha day you tube video.
Click here to see a cute child bonding well with her adoptive mother.
Click here to see the rarer case of a male child adoption.
Click here for a follow up video where a 4 year old child talks about her adoption, her struggle against chronic hepatitis B and the treatment she had to undergo and her adoptive family.
As a Chinese myself, I would like to say a BIG THANK YOU to the families who have adopted a Chinese child and given her a home, love and family.
May you all be blessed.